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火把節簡介,關于火把節的傳說

類別:傳統文化 | 來自:網絡整理 | 發布時間:2018-09-17 | 人氣值:

  火把節是彝族、白族、納西族、拉祜族、哈尼族等民族特有的古老而重要的傳統節日,以彝族火把節最為著名,自漢唐起,已沿襲一千多年。火把節有著深厚的民俗文化內涵,蜚聲海內外。不同的民族舉行火把節的時間也不同,一般是在每年農歷六月二十四舉行,節期三天。節日期間,少數民族同胞競相穿上節日的盛裝,載歌載舞,舉辦聲勢浩大的選美活動和服飾、賽馬、摔跤、射箭、斗羊、斗雞等比賽,并在夜晚點燃火把在曠野中游行、狂歡、紀念祖先,為來年祈福。2006年彝族火把節(四川涼山、云南楚雄)被列入中國第一批國家級非物質文化遺產名錄。

  

火把節簡介,關于火把節的傳說

  時間:彝族、納西族在農歷六月二十四舉行,白族在六月二十五舉行,拉祜族在六月二十舉行。節期三天。

  

  主要流行地區:四川、云南等地。

  

  主要參與人群:彝族、白族、納西族、拉祜族、哈尼族等。

  

  節日傳說

  

  有關火把節起源的記載和傳說有數十種,內容豐富,優美動人。

  

  一是關于英雄支格阿魯抵抗天神恩梯古茲的傳說。相傳天上的恩梯古茲(彝族神話中的天神)派天兵天將到凡間危害眾生和莊稼,人們在支格阿魯(彝族神話中的英雄)率領下毫不畏懼,在農歷六月二十四用火把焚燒了害蟲,戰勝了天神,于是彝族人民把這個日子定為火把節。

  

  二是關于英雄阿體拉巴抵御蟲災的傳說。相傳遠古的時候,天上的一個大力士斯惹阿比和英雄阿體拉巴摔跤,阿體拉巴將斯惹阿比打敗,斯惹阿比狼狽地逃回天上,在天神面前搬弄是非,于是天神不分青紅皂白,遷怒于人間,派遣大批蝗蟲、螟蟲來吃地上的莊稼。阿體拉巴便在農歷六月二十四那一晚,砍來許多松樹枝、野蒿枝扎成火把,率領人們點燃,終于把害蟲燒盡。于是彝族人民把這個日子定為火把節。

  

  除了以上兩種主要的傳說而外,《西昌縣志》記載著另外一個傳說。相傳唐初的云南境內本有六個部落(六詔),處在最南端的南詔日益強大,南詔王皮邏閣意圖稱霸,遂邀約其他五詔首領聚會,以便一網打盡。慈善夫人是鄧賧詔首領的妻子,她識破了皮邏閣的奸計,便極力勸阻丈夫不要前往。其夫不聽,慈善夫人只得在他的手腕上戴上一個鐵環。后來鄧賧詔首領果然遭到皮邏閣的暗算,和其他幾位首領被燒死在松明樓。慈善夫人聞訊痛哭欲絕。她在灰燼中根據鐵環找到丈夫燒焦的尸體,并將其遺骸運送回家。皮邏閣知道了,感到十分驚奇,便欲逼慈善夫人和他成親。慈善夫人誓死不從,在安葬其夫之后,于農歷六月二十五自盡。為了紀念勇敢聰慧的慈善夫人,云南的白族人民便將這個日子定為火把節。

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