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世界各地新年趣聞有哪些?

類別:傳統常識 | 來自:網絡整理 | 發布時間:2018-09-24 | 人氣值:

  讓我們看看世界各地的新年習俗吧。真可謂千奇百怪、精彩紛呈。

  

  在俄羅斯,民間盛行一種古老的占卜游戲。占卜前在桌上擺上諸如面包、煤塊、泥團、錢幣、戒指等物,年輕人被蒙上眼睛后,隨意抓取其中一種,他未來的前途命運就被卜出來了。還有一種是將東西扔過頭頂的占卜游戲。譬如,一個姑娘將一只鞋扔過頭頂落地后,鞋尖若是朝著自家門口,就預示著她快要出嫁了。

  

  在不少亞洲國家,哪怕千里迢迢,人們也要在新年前夕趕回故鄉,與親人團聚。這時,家里的神龕上往往要擺上已故親人的照片。在中國的某些省份,男人們甚至還要去上祖墳,特地把先人的靈魂請回家來,與大家一道歡度新年。為了使這些鬼魂不致迷路,他們在回家的路上還要打起火把。而另一些地方則恰恰相反,人們故意只擺上一些豆子來恭迎鬼魂,以便它們在看到這些寒酸的供品后,會對家人發惻隱之心,保佑他們來年豐衣足食,免遭災禍。

  

  在東南亞一些國家,人們常利用新年的儀式祈求神靈惠降甘霖,消弭旱災。因此普遍流行一種潑水的風俗一人們在大庭廣眾中相互潑水,以此來祝福對方。

  

  伊朗人過新年是在3月21日立春前后。伊朗人視火為吉祥的象征,可驅邪逐厄,迎來福神,所以,除夕之夜,家家要舉行“跳火”的活動。人們用曬干了的駱駝刺在門口點三堆或七堆火,稱為“祝火”,老老少少都要從“祝火”上跳來跳去,口中還念念有詞,祈求健康、興旺。

  

  巴基斯坦人新年這天攜帶紅粉出門,見到親友便相互把紅粉涂在額上,以示幸運吉祥。

  

  日本人要在家門口立“新年松樹”,還要在屋子正廳設置“新年供臺”,供上各種山珍海味、時令果蔬,祈求新年之神品嘗,并為全家賜福。除夕之夜,一家人圍坐火爐守歲。子夜,寺廟鐘聲齊鳴108下,日本人視108為幸福之數,可消除108個魔鬼。初一早晨,各家按各自的宗教信仰,或拜神,或拜佛,或拜祖宗。

  

  希臘克里特島上的人到親朋好友家祝賀新年時,要把一塊大石頭扔到他家門前,并祝他們財源廣進,錢包永遠像石頭一樣沉甸甸。

  

  在瑞典,在鄰居門前打碎碗碟算是新年的一個好兆頭,而且碗碟砸得越碎,來年的福氣就越大。

  

  在保加利亞,過年時人們要用樹枝條互相抽打對方(當然只是象征性的),被抽得越多,就越幸福。

  

  維也納人新年的午餐一定要吃豬肉、洋蔥和青豌豆,認為這三樣東西分別代表幸運、健康和財運。

  

  在西班牙,除夕夜全家團聚,當12點教堂鐘聲敲響時,大家爭著吃葡萄,如果能按著鐘聲吃下12顆,便象征著新一年的每個月都會一切如意。西班牙人認為小孩在元旦那天打架、罵人和哭哭啼啼是不祥之兆。因此,家長在這一天幾乎會滿足他們提出的一切要求。

  

  巴拿馬人在除夕夜總要對著喇叭大聲吼叫,甚至拉響汽笛,以恐嚇和驅除惡鬼。

  

  在古巴,新年的鐘聲只敲11響——人們認為,區隔新舊年的第12響那一剎那,鐘應當稍事歇息,然后才能開始為新的一年作計時服務。

  

  阿根廷人認為水是圣潔的。每年元旦,各家老少成群結隊地到江河洗“新年浴”,并以鮮花揉搓全身,以示洗去穢氣,換來吉祥和如意。

  

  在幾內亞,過新年時人們要把大象牽出來逛街,認為它是力量、財富和運氣的象征。

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