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歷史上對女俘的殘忍懲罰:毀壞女子的生殖器官

類別:歷史解密 | 來自:網絡整理 | 發布時間:2014-11-27 | 人氣值:

古代對婦女犯罪施用的一種刑罰。在施以黥、劓等肉刑后押送官府或邊境軍營,服曬谷、舂米之勞役。幽閉,因為女子并不適用宮刑,由于女子特殊的生理結構,男子去勢,女子幽閉也就成了合理的搭配,何謂幽閉,《辭海》幽閉條:古代毀壞女子的生殖器官的酷刑。
古代女囚悲慘命運:揭秘女犯坐牢竟會受到如此刑法?“貞操”又叫貞節,是指女子不失身、不改嫁的封建道德。它是男權社會迫害女性的精神工具,男性可以三妻四妾,女性卻必須嚴守貞操,甚至以身殉節。在古代男權社會中,貞節觀念好似勒在古代婦女脖子上的一條繩索。它既是對女性進行單方面性禁錮的武器,也是長久以來形成的陋習在觀念上的表現。

  因此,古代的女人寧愿餓死,也不愿失去貞操。然而,古代的女人一旦被打入大牢,成為女囚,便等于從此失去了貞操。

  杖臀對婦女來說也是難堪的精神之辱

  在古代社會,女人千萬不能淪為女囚,而一旦淪為女囚,輕則在堂上被裸體笞杖,即“杖臀”,或叫打屁股;重則被脫掉褲子游街示眾,名曰“賣肉”。而在大牢里被牢頭玩弄、奸淫則更是家常便飯。

  笞杖是中國古代使用得最廣泛的刑罰。一些朝代規定笞杖之刑是杖臀,即打屁股。

歷史上對女俘的殘忍懲罰:毀壞女子的生殖器官


       若是婦女犯罪需用笞杖,也是杖臀。宋、元兩代都有“去衣受杖”的規定。

  明代沿襲舊制,規定婦女犯了奸罪需要笞杖者,必須脫了褲子裸體受杖。這對婦女來說,不僅是殘酷的皮肉之苦,也是難堪的精神之辱。
  明代的這條規定造成一種社會弊病,民間親戚鄰里若有因小隙而成仇怨者,一方就捕風捉影,尋找事端,指控對方家中婦女有奸情,然后賄賂官府,讓官府逮捕婦女裸體受杖。到執行刑罰那天,原告一方事先選約集親友,一齊來到公堂,名曰“看打”。

  他們又花錢買通行刑衙役,在行刑時對受刑女子百般凌辱。衙役干這行是很在行的,他們的手段有“掘芋艿”、挖荸薺”、“剖葫蘆”、“剝菱角”等名目。

  被告婦女必須光著腳過堂

  有時縣官還未升堂,衙役先把被告女子褲子脫掉示眾,隨即拉到門前大街上,名曰“賣肉”。遇到這樣的情況,有的婦女受不了這樣的羞辱,回去后便自盡而亡。還有一種慣例:被告婦女必須光著腳過堂。

  未過堂之前,先在衙前戴著刑具暫押。這時仇家就乘機鬧事,慫恿無賴子弟把這婦女的鞋子脫掉,褲子褪下,有的人順手把鞋子拾去,滿街人隨意傳看。如果這天縣官不出堂,第二天照樣尋鬧一番。

  在過堂之后,還要監押在衙門前示眾一天,無賴子弟又來終日圍觀,撫摸挑逗,嘻笑取逗。婦女羞辱難耐,有的當場碰死。明朝嘉靖年間浙江總督胡宗憲因罪被逮捕后押送進京,他的妻子和女兒在杭州均被拘捕,就受到這樣的侮辱。

 

  清代女子裸體受杖

  清代女子裸體受杖的做法有增無減。晚清文人俞樾記述過這么一件事:某縣令年方少壯,為人輕浮佻達,最喜歡談論桃色新聞。他審理案件,發現有涉及到閨閫方面內容的,就故意牽扯,定為奸情,然后將婦女裸體行杖。

  他常對人說:“刑律上明文規定,婦女犯罪應決杖者,‘奸者去衣,余罪單衣決定,婦女犯罪應決罰’。行杖時是打臀部的,所謂單衣就是單褲,去衣當然就是去褲了。”

  別人辯不過他,他一直堅持這樣做。后來他因貪污罪被處死,家產被籍沒,妻子流落為娼,有人說這是他裸杖婦女的報應。

  清代裸杖女子還有更狠毒的例子。乾隆時期,平陽縣令朱樂在任職期間特制厚枷大棍,常對犯人施用嚴刑,對奸情案件更不放松。
 

歷史上對女俘的殘忍懲罰:毀壞女子的生殖器官


 

  有一次審問一名妓女,命令衙役把她脫光衣服以杖責,又讓衙役用杖頭捅入妓女的下部。朱樂得意地說:“看你還怎么接客牎敝燉滯春藜伺,想用重刑煞住當地的嫖風,但其手段也未免太過分了。

  在官府衙門里直接對犯人用刑的皂隸們,一般都是心狠手辣的。但是在這些人中,也有個別心地良善之輩。清代,浙江秀水縣人諸錦的祖輩有在縣衙當差的,很憐憫犯人受杖的痛苦。

  他聽人說受了刑傷后飲小便可以止疼解毒,就把自己用的竹杖浸在廁里的桶里,該他行刑時,就使用這浸了尿的竹杖,打過人既不疼也不化膿。在濫用酷刑的封建時代,這樣的善舉算是鳳毛麟角了。

  蒲松齡在《聊齋志異》里,寫了“伍秋月”的一個故事,其中說到女鬼伍秋月被陰間的皂役捉去,關進了監獄,兩個獄卒對她動手動腳,百般調戲、侮辱。

  其中一個獄卒還厚顏無恥地挽著她的脖子說:“既然成了罪犯,難道還想守住貞節嗎?”這里寫的雖然是陰間地獄,但說的卻是陽間牢獄里的實情。

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